Troodos is the largest mountain range in Cyprus, with its highest peak, Olympus (or Chionistra), at 1952 m. Most of the rivers of Cyprus originate here, the waters of which supply and irrigate a large area of the country. At Chionistra, the three main roads linking the mountain with Nicosia, Limassol and Prodromos meet together, and it is thought that this is where the name Troodos (three ways) derives.
Thanks to its excellent protection programme, supervised by the Forestry Department of Cyprus, Troodos is today a beautiful mountain range with dense forests and lush wildlife. The forests of Troodos (110 sq. km) are state land where residential development is forbidden, and most of the forest (90 sq. km) has been declared a National Park.